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Many girls (and their mothers) are concerned of the possibility of developing unsightly and painful damage to their toes. This is a very real and valid concern! While pointe work does not cause bunions in most people, if pointe is commenced too early, or if there is a family predisposition to getting bunions (especially on your mother's side) it may increase their development.
WHAT IS A BUNION?
Let’s start with a little discussion on what bunions actually are. A bunion (Hallux Valgus) is an abnormal lump of bone that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe, which can become quite red and inflamed. Often the range of motion in the big toe becomes restricted and even working on demi pointe is difficult.
A bunion is a mal-alignment of the big toe joint, with an inwards drift of the toe and a large bony 1st toe joint so the toes no longer looks straight. While most people think that the problem is the big toe drifting in, often the problem starts when the first metatarsal (the major foot bone that attaches to the big toe) starts to angle away from the foot.
ANATOMY OF A BUNION
The foot is made up of many small bones that sit perfectly together forming many joints. The big toe joint comprises of the first metatarsal and the proximal (close) phalanx of the toe.
A bunion forms when base of the toe (first metatarsal) drifts away from the second metatarsal. The 1st metatarsal rotates and drops and so no longer sits in its correct alignment. The tip of the first toe then rotates and drifts inwards.
Overtime, under the continuing stress of this altered position of the joint and the irritation that this causes, the joint can become inflamed.
WHAT CAUSES A BUNION TO FORM?
Bunions can be caused by the following factors:
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Depending on how many of the causative factors are true for the dancer with bunions, a series of exercises to ensure correct alignment and stability of the lower limb should be implemented. Many exercises to target these areas are described in detail in The Perfect Pointe Book and the Advanced Foot Control for Dancers course. Other treatments that can help manage bunions include:
For more information and videos on how to manage bunions, please check out our special "Bye Bye Bunions" Injury Report. This PDF has eerything you need to know about preventing and managing bunions, and includes videos and taping techniques to help you out.