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I am teaching a girl who has really gorgeous flexible feet but she is finding it really hard not to go too far over on pointe. Her arch is wanting to and is able to go well over her toes! She is aware of the problem and I have shown her the correct position to try and stay in, we are really working on strength in her ankles and making sure that she isn’t going too far over, but I just wondered if you had any further advice or exercises that may help her. She is currently wearing a Capezio shoe.
I have The Perfect Pointe Book which is brilliant by the way, but I can't seem to see any references to this problem.
I hope you can help
Thank you so much for that question. While many girls struggle for adequate mobility in the front of their ankles, many others have the (often more difficult) task of controlling excessive mobility if they have very flexible feet. There are several things that you can do to help these students, and I will make sure to add a section dedicated to the flexible feet in any new versions of The Perfect Pointe Book.
There are also lots of specific strengthening exercises in the Advanced Foot Control for Dancers Program, and the model in the video has very flexible feet (one in particular) that she has had to learn to control, so I highly recommend this program for your slightly older dance students (Ages 14+).
However there are several other things that I suggest you try immediately.
I would recommend downloading and watching the free video we have made all about the Soleus muscle from HERE. Especially note the "Soleus Rises" exercise and how the dancer learns to not 'snap' into her end range during this exercise. This is hard to do initially, but is imperative for any dancer with flexible feet when working on 3/4 or full pointe. If they 'snap' into their end range they can cause damage to all of the soft tissues at the back of the ankle and develop symptoms of Posterior Impingement.
The next thing I would check is to make sure that her pointe shoes are broken in correctly (please see our Breaking in Pointe Shoes video HERE) so that the shank sits flat along the under surface of the front part of the foot and curves out to cup her heel when en pointe. For the girl with very mobile feet this is very important. If the shank of the shoe is still stiff from the tip of the shoe to the heel, her arch will sit too far forward and she will constantly feel that she is falling forward out of the shoe. I also suggest having the ribbons slightly further forward than usual, to allow the shank to be held flush with the sole of the foot when en pointe. Watch the video on this site by clicking HERE.
I also use a taping technique to help control excessive very flexible feet en pointe until the dancer develops enough strength to control her mobility. This can also be used even on very strong dancers who are doing a lot of rehearsals en pointe (prior to performances and exams etc). This helps reduce any inflammation of the ligaments at the front of the ankle that often get irritated in the hypermobile dancer. I talk about using this taping for pain at the front of the ankle en pointe, but it can be used to prevent, as well as heal it!
Make sure that the vamp of the shoe comes up a little higher than usual. This can help hold the metatarsals in place and prevent the feeling of falling out of the front of the shoe. An alternative is to sew a piece of 'Vamp Elastic' (approximately 5cm wide) across the bridge of the foot. This can really help girls with flexible feet develop netter proprioception about where there foot is en pointe.
I hope this helps, and please let me know how you go with these suggestions. Feel free to add a comment if you have any other suggestions to help with this issue!